This month, the EU produced “Report on the EU-indicators for the Comprehensive Approach to the EU implementation of the UN Security Council UNSCRs 1325 & 1820 on Women, Peace and Security” (WPS). The report is here: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/11/st09/st09990.en11.pdf
This is the first ever baseline study using 17 indicators to track the EU’s progress. A work in progress, but there are some solid aspects to the report, including that: the EU is active in 70 countries in supporting WPS; the EU and Member States have spent ~200 million euro during 2009-2010 on WPS activities; and although only 12 EU Member States to date have National Action Plans on 1325 (NAPs), 17 EU member States have strategic documents, laws or programmes for gender mainstreaming (although that still leaves 10 that don’t).
On CSDP, the report gives baseline statistics that only 8 EU Member States include gender training amongst diplomatic staff – so work still needed. A very interesting fact – and one that would not be known without this report – is that despite only 2 CSDP/EU missions (of 13*) explicitly mentioning gender/WPS in their Joint Actions, and EUPOL/EUSEC DRC having specific references to combating sexual violence, ALL missions have “clear references to gender aspects of crisis management” in the planning documents (which are not public). Also, all missions (except EUBAM Rafah) now have gender advisors. However, some are still double-hatted, which makes their work very difficult to achieve. A further plus of this document is the accountability reporting, noting that four missions had had to deal with cases/allege cases of sexual exploitation and abuse.
Ultimately the indicators are to assess the impact of EU policies and supported actions in implementing 1325 on the ground.
This is particularly pertinent with an increase in EU funds to projects. ISIS partakes in one such project Political Participation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan, Liberia and the Democratic Republic of Congo in Peace and Security Policy, through peacebuilding and advocacy skills to participate in security policy making. This project aims to enhance networks, enhance capacity and link in to the EU processes. Part of this is of course whether CSDP missions in DRC and Afghanistan are effective. Representatives of this project are visiting Brussels 29 June – 1 July 2011 to discuss this with EU structures and the European Parliament.
For ISIS updates on gender see here: http://www.isis-europe.org/index.php?page=gender which also includes a regular update of a full listing of all EU documents related to gender and security and a listing of NAPs.
*For full independent analysis of CSDP missions, see www.csdpmap.eu